Why C5 Launched a Global Anti-corruption Innovation Challenge
As part of my earlier career, I worked with
intrepid African leaders like Mandela, Mbeki, Kuofor and Kibaki who were
determined to combat corruption for the health of their countries’ democracies.
In South Africa, the capacity building work I led early on in South Africa’s
new democracy from 1996-1998 culminated in the formation of the Directorate of
Special Operations (DSO) or the Scorpions, one of the most successful anti-corruption
units in Africa’s history.
Those experiences showed me how the
tentacles of grand corruption can reach to a high level across many countries. I
have seen how corruption is corrosive, ruining lives, keeping people poor and
threatening democracy. This often involves narcotics which is closely
interlinked to the finance of terrorism.
But we are not just talking about grand
corruption involving big conspiracies and criminal networks. No, it is not just
the high level stuff of Netflix dramas and Hollywood blockbusters, because
corruption seeps down to the mundane, to housing officials taking small bribes
or seeking favours, customs officers turning a blind eye, and pharmacists
taking payments for medicines never administered.
And although countries at war, or those
rebuilding after being ripped apart by conflict, are the most vulnerable, no
nation, even the most developed and sophisticated, is immune.
Corruption can be defeated- and innovation
and technology create new opportunities to combat corruption. That is why C5’s
Cloud Leadership Centre (CLC) launched the Shield in the Cloud Innovation
Challenge, the first global anti-corruption innovation challenge, the winners of
which will be announced in Washington on the 20th March with the
legendary former District Attorney Preet Bharara as our keynote speaker.
We foster innovation across the major US
cloud platforms, because we can see how it provides a new weapon in the armoury
of those fighting corruption, harnessing not only the power of the cloud but
also of cyber and space technology.
Perhaps its most important role is to
provide the connectivity that enables people working against corruption to
share information so that they are no longer operating in isolation with all
the dangers that brings.
Technology also creates high levels of
transparency, whether it is monitoring election booths or recording daily
incidents of petty bribery, producing information that can be shared locally,
nationally and internationally.
That information provides the raw material
for big data analytics which can process it to map corruption, identify trends
and patterns, and shine a spotlight on the links and correlations that help
identify the culprits.
Blockchain is a valuable weapon in stamping
out dishonesty as the digital ledger system provides a trusted way of recording
transactions that offers a valuable alternative in countries where official
systems are discredited.
New technology allows improved training, on
smartphones, laptops, in real time or through video and text.
And it has opened up a whole new field of
forensics, giving investigators the ability to follow a trail of communications
and transactions across mobile phones, emails and computer systems, helping
them collate evidence that courts can trust.
At the heart of all this is cloud computing
which has transformed the economics and security of computing, doing away with
the need to have racks of costly servers that were easily targeted by corrupt
We know that anti-corruption work can be
hard, dangerous, sometimes lonely and often overlooked, so we want to provide
encouragement at the same time as building up networks where the best people working
in the field can connect with each other and with technologists working in
The aim of Shield in the Cloud is to
nurture the next phase of innovation and encourage building networks and
information sharing. We have set up the challenge across five categories: not-for-profit;
start-ups; government; corporate and bold leadership. Entrants are judged on
criteria such as innovation, affordability, transferability and scalability. In
2018 we recognised the innovation done by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)’s
Special Operations Division (SOD) in a data sharing platform with all other law
enforcement agencies around arrests and cases. We also recognised anti-corruption
innovation in the Ukraine in the use of blockchain by ProZorro to protect
property rights, Citibank’s Tech in Integrity programme and Ushahidi, an
African start-up that brings transparency to elections.
It is not just about recognising the organisations
developing new technologies and applications themselves, we want to make policy
and decision makers aware of what can be done and to reward those organisations
that are encouraging others.
There is a strong link between fighting
corruption, financial crime and cyber security and the three areas often
Fighting corruption is really about
protecting the poor because if corruption is left to fester it harms the
prospects of children getting a good education or a job, it increases the cost
of living, prevents people saving and makes it impossible to get out of
Anti-corruption investigations are not for
the faint of heart, but technology gives anti-corruption investigators an edge
and we are confident that Shield in the Cloud will drive innovation and
collaboration to strengthen and sharpen that edge.
Andre D.F. Pienaar